Baku’s liberation in 1918 important event in the history of Azerbaijani statehood – scientist
The liberation of Baku on September 15, 1918 is an extremely important event in the history of the Azerbaijani statehood, department head at the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS), doctor of philosophy in political sciences, Associate Professor Elshad Mirbashir oglu told Trend.
The scientist noted that at that period, complicated processes were taking place both in the region and in the world.
“It was very difficult and even impossible to create an independent state in these conditions,” he said. “However, despite this, after the resignation of the Transcaucasian Seim (parliament), the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR) was created. Naturally, existence of a state requires, first of all, the presence of all necessary conditions that would preserve its existence. Among these conditions, the factor of a capital took the central place.”
Mirbashir oglu noted that the occupation of Baku questioned the future fate of the newly created ADR.
He added that Baku was of great strategic importance due to its geographical location, trade and economic potential and, most importantly, political weight.
Situated on the Caspian coast, the city was located on the main communication lines of that time, he said.
“From this point of view, both the Bolsheviks and the British tried to keep Baku in their hands at all costs,” Mirbashir oglu added. “That’s because this would make it possible to control all the processes taking place in the Azerbaijani territories, and at the same time created convenient access to Central Asia, which in subsequent years would result in getting serious political and economic dividends.” Continue Reading